【黑龙江成人高考】专升本复习资料英语--精讲讲义3-字母和字母组合发音规则

黑龙江成人高考网 发布时间:2018-07-14 15:00:55

第二节 字母和字母组合发音规则

拼读规则(教材外补充内容)

一)元音字母的读音规则

1. 重读开音节

字母

   a

   e

   i (y)

   o

    u

重读开音节

  [ ei ]

   [i:]

   [ai]

  [əu]

 [ju:] [u:]

例词

 

same, name

take, age

 we, these

she, he,

white, my

by, kite, fly

no, those,

go, home

use, tube

rule, blue

例外:give, come, gone, ate, done, move, prove,

 

2. 重读闭音节——重点、难点

  字母

   a

     e

   i (y)

    o

   u

重读闭音节

  [æ]

    [e ]

   [ i ]

    [ɔ]

 [u] [ʌ]

   例词

 

cap, bag

map, mad

 desk, let

 net, pet, yet

pig, it, gym

hit, is, swim

 shop, clock

lot, hot, not

duck, cup

put, push

例外:many, any, comb, tomb, climb,

 

3.非重读音节

  字母

     a

     e

   i (y)

   o

  u

非重读音节

   [ə]  [i]

  [ə]  [i]

   [i]

  [ə]

  [ə]

例词

 

again, China

palace, comrade

open, student

repeat, before

city, office

 

second, produce

suggest

difficult

例外:hello,

 

4. 元音字母 + r 的读音规则

 r音节

 重读

    例     词

非重读

   例  词

   ar

[a:]

 car, park, large, mark

 

 

  [ə]

  calendar

   er

   ir

   ur

 

  [ə:]

 

serve, verb, herb

shirt, skirt, circle, bird

nurse, turn, murder

driver

    

murmur

   or

    

  [ɔ:]   

for, horse, north

work, world, word

doctor

actor

 

 

5.re重读音节的读法

Re音节

 读音

         例      词

are

 [εə]

care   dare

ere

 

 [iə]

 [εə]

mere    here

there    where

ire

 [aiə]

fire     hire

ore

[ɔ:]

more    store

ure

 

 [uə]

 [juə]

sure

cure    pure

 

6.元音字母组合的读音规则(重读)

字母组合

重读

         例     词

ai

[ei]

 

wait, fail

ay

may  day  play  stay

au

 

[ɔ:]

  cause     fault

aw

  law,       saw

air

ə]

  hair       chair

 

ea

[e]

  head     dead    breakfast

 

[i:]

  meat     please

ee

  meet     bee    flee

ear

[iə]

 

hear       dear

eer

  beer       cheer

ew

[u:]

  drew      flew

oa

[əu]

coat, road, boat, load

oe

[i:]

phoenix

oi

 

[ɔi]

  boil,    voice

oy

  boy     joy

oo

[u:]

  moon   school

ou

 

[au]

  house   loud

ow

 

  now    how

[əu]

  show   snow  know

oor

 

[ɔ:]

 

  door   floor

oar

  roar   board

our

 

  four   course

 

[auə]

 

  sour   flour

owe

  towel   vowel

ower

  power   flower

ia

 

[aiə]

 

  bias     dialogue

ie

  quiet    science

io

  riot     violence  lion  

ui

[u:] [ju:]

[i]

  suit  fruit  biscuit  circuit  build juice

例外:piece [pi:s]